Ancient Anasazi







Mummy Cave Anasazi




Pueblo Ancient Anasazi Cliff Dwellings


Between AD 900 and 1580, up to 1500 pueblo Indians lived in the area where they hunted game and cultivated food. Native peoples first settled in the area in the late AD 900s of the Pueblo II Era, living in dispersed farmstead dwellings at the east side of the Jemez Mountains. The Puye Cliffs complex, the largest complex on the Pajarito Plateau, includes two levels of cliff-dwellings and surface and cave dwellings. The two levels of cliff dwellings, the mesa top and reconstructed 'Community House' are accessed by paths and about twelve stairways and ladders cut into the side of the cliff. One level of cliff dwellings is over 1 mile (1.6 km) long and the second is about 2,100 feet (640 m) long.The dwellings were carved out soft of volcanic tuff on about a 200 feet (61 m) cliff ridge.

An architectural and historical gem lies hidden in the Mesa Verde National Park in the State of Colorado in the United States of America. The dwellings that were built into the cliffs by the Anasazi Indians have given this place the name of, Cliff Palace. They were discovered in 1888 by two cowboys, who must have been amazed when they stumbled across these ancient and magnificent structures. During the 6th century, the Anasazi settled on the Mesa Verde Plateau where they lived in caves and simple wooden shelters. They began by building their dwellings from loam bricks until, in the latter part of the 12th century, they created their cliff dwellings. The amazing dwellings amounted to entire villages located in the cliffs. The technical building abilities of the Anasazi Indians, although simple, were remarkable because, although the buildings were constructed with sun-dried loam bricks and extremely primitive tools, they were able to build multi-story buildings and small towers. Nearly 800 years have passed since the sudden and inexplicable disappearance and emigration of the Anasazi. Thankfully, their fascinating Cliff Palace dwellings in the Mesa Verde National Park have managed to survive the centuries.


"The Ancient Ones" - Ancient Anasazi cliff dwellings ( 4:30mins)


Cliff Palace Ancient Pueblan Anasazi ruins ( 3 mins)




The Hopi


Between AD 850 and 1250 ancient Chaco Canyon thrived as a major



The Hopi


The Hopi are a tribe in the Southwest United States. They live in Arizona. The name Hopi is a shortened form of Hopituh Shi-nu -mu, which means “The Peaceful People.”








Chaco Canyon Hopi or Anasazi Ruins




Pueblo Bonito Ruins, Chaco Canyon, New Mexico


Ancient Chaco Canyon ( 3 mins)

Between AD 850 and 1250 ancient Chaco Canyon thrived as a major Puebloan center. The Chacoan dwellings are part of the homeland of New Mexico's Pueblo Indian peoples, including the Hopi Indians of Arizona, and the Navajo Indians of the Southwest.! 









A large Kiva at Chaco Canyon

Journey to the Ancient America of the Southwest


The Mystery of Chaco Canyon – Sacred Center ( 3 mins)

The animation for this one hour documentary illustrates not only how the ancient cities of Chaco Canyon may have looked but also how they oriented to astronomical events.





Aztec Ruins National Monument,     

 New Mexico



Pueblo Ruins, Aztec, New Mexico


When Europeans first began to explore the American Southwest they found both native North American agricultural people and hunters and gathers. However, they also encountered in various desolate or uninhabited portions of the region the huge ruins of stone and adobe structures. Many such ruins contain round ceremonial chambers called kivas. In some cases the ruins seemed to dwarf the physical size of the existing agricultural pueblos.


The locale is a U.S. National Park located in San Juan County, New Mexico and contains 11th to 13th century structures constructed by the Anasazi Indians, the ancestors of the more commonly known Pueblo Indians



Monks Mound – Illinois


Monks Mound - Chahokia -The concrete staircase follows the approximate course of the ancient wooden stairs








Monks – Cahokia  Mounds – Illinois – USA


Monks Mound is the largest Pre-Columbian earthwork in America north of Mesoamerica. Located at the Cahokia Mounds UNESCO World Heritage Site near Collinsville, Illinois, its size was calculated in 1988 as about 100 feet (30 m) high, 955 feet (291 m) long including the access ramp at the southern end, and 775 feet (236 m) wide. This makes Monks Mound roughly the same size at its base as the Great Pyramid of Giza (13.1 acres / 5.3 hectares). Its base circumference is larger than the Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan.


Unlike Egyptian pyramids which were built of stone, the platform mound was constructed almost entirely of layers of basket-transported soil and clay. Because of this construction and its flattened top, over the years, it has retained rainwater within the structure. This has caused "slumping", the avalanche-like sliding of large sections of the sides at the highest part of the mound. Its designed dimensions would have been significantly smaller than its present extent, but recent excavations have revealed that slumping was a problem even while the mound was being made



Cahokia Birdman






A human head effigy pot from the Nodena Site



Kincaid Mounds - Mississippian Culture - Historic Site


The Kincaid Mounds Historic Site, circa 1050-1400 CE,[3] was among the largest prehistoric Mississippian culture chiefdom centers, located at the southern tip of present day U.S. state of Illinois. Kincaid Mounds has been notable for both its significant role in native North American prehistory and for the central role the site has played in the development of modern archaeological techniques. The area had royal or central buildings on at least 11 mounds (ranking 5th for mound-culture pyramids). Some artifacts link the settlement to southern Mississippian culture, built after an earlier culture from the Late Woodland period (500 to 1000 CE).


Mississippian Culture Pottery is the ceramic tradition of the Mississippian culture (800 to 1600 CE) found as artifacts in archaeological sites in the American Midwest and Southeast. It is often characterized by the adoption and use of riverine (or more rarely marine) shell-tempering agents in the clay paste.[1] Shell tempering is one of the hallmarks of Mississippian cultural practices. Local differences in materials, techniques, forms, and designs are some of the major ways archaeologists understand lifeways, religious practices, trade, and interaction among Mississippian peoples. The value of this pottery on the illegal antiquities market has led to extensive looting of sites.





The Spiral tail at the end of the Serpent Mound


Map of the Great Serpent Mound



Serpent Mound – Near Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.


Earthen mounds built by the Mound Builders in the United States,


The Great Serpent Mound is a 1,348-foot (411 m)-long, three-foot-high prehistoric effigy mound located on a plateau of the Serpent Mound crater along Ohio Brush Creek in Adams County, Ohio. Maintained within a park by the Ohio Historical Society, it has been designated a National Historic Landmark by the United States Department of Interior. The Serpent Mound of Ohio was first reported from surveys by Ephraim Squire and Edwin Davis in their historic volume Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley, published in 1848 by the newly founded Smithsonian Museum.


Researchers have attributed construction of the mound to three different prehistoric indigenous cultures. Although it was once thought to be Adena in origin, now based on the use of more advanced technology, including carbon dating and evidence from 1996 studies, many scholars now believe that members of the Fort Ancient culture built it about 1070 CE (plus or minus 70 years). There are still anomalies to be studied. Serpent Mound is the largest serpent effigy in the world.








America's Stonehenge - Salem, N.H. 


America's Stonehenge is an archaeological site consisting of a number of large rocks and stone structures scattered around roughly 30 acres (120,000 m2) within the town of Salem, New Hampshire in the northeast United States. America's Stonehenge is open to the public for a fee. Part of a recreational area that includes snowshoe trails and an alpaca farm, it is a tourist attraction, with particular appeal to believers in New Age systems.

A number of hypotheses exist as to the origin and purpose of the structures. One viewpoint is a mixture of land-use practices of local farmers in the 18th and 19th centuries and construction of structures by owner William Goodwin in the 1930s. Other claims that the site has pre-Columbian origins are usually regarded as controversial, possibly pseudoarchaeological or the result of an early-20th century hoax. Among structures at the site are standing stones that may have been erected to align with astronomical events.

The site was first dubbed Mystery Hill[3] by William Goodwin, an insurance executive who purchased the area in 1937.[4] This was the official name of the site until 1982, when it was renamed "America's Stonehenge", a term coined in a news article in the early 1960s, in an effort to separate it from roadside oddity sites and reinforce the idea that it is an ancient archaeological site. Although the area is named after the archaeological site of Stonehenge in England, there is no cultural connection between the two.


The site first appears in print in the 1907 History of Salem, N.H. It is described thus: "Jonathan Pattee's Cave. He had a house in these woods 70 years ago; took town paupers before the town farm was bought. This is a wild but beautiful spot, among rough boulders and soft pines, about which the most weird and fantastic tale might be woven. There are several caves still intact, which the owner used for storage purposes."'s_Stonehenge






The Clovis Culture Area



The Clovis Culture - 13,500 to 13,000 Calendar years ago - New Mexico


The Clovis culture--named for a New Mexico site where distinctive fluted points were found with mammoth bones--which was long thought to represent the first people in the New World.


The Clovis culture (sometimes referred to as the Llano culture) is a prehistoric Paleo-Indian culture, named after distinct stone tools that were found at sites near Clovis, New Mexico, in the 1920s and 1930s. The Clovis culture appears around 11,500 RCYBP (radiocarbon years before present), at the end of the last glacial period, characterized by the manufacture of "Clovis points" and distinctive bone and ivory tools. Archaeologists' most precise determinations at present suggest that this radiocarbon age is equal to roughly 13,500 to 13,000 calendar years ago.

The Clovis culture was replaced by several more localized regional cultures from the time of the Younger Dryas cold climate period onward. Post-Clovis cultures include the Folsom tradition, Gainey, Suwannee-Simpson, Plainview-Goshen, Cumberland, and Redstone. Each of these is commonly thought to derive directly from Clovis, in some cases apparently differing only in the length of the fluting on their projectile points. Although this is generally held to be the result of normal cultural change through time, numerous other reasons have been suggested to be the driving force for the observed changes in the archaeological record, such as an extraterrestrial impact event or post-glacial climate change with numerous faunal extinctions.

After the discovery of several Clovis sites in western North America in the 1930s, the Clovis people came to be regarded as the first human inhabitants of the New World. Clovis people were considered to be the ancestors of all the indigenous cultures of North and South America. However, this theory has been disproven, in the opinion of many archaeologists, by several archaeological discoveries, including sites like Cactus Hill in Virginia, Paisley Caves in the Summer Lake Basin of Oregon, the Topper site in Allendale County, South Carolina, Meadowcroft Rockshelter in Pennsylvania, the Friedkin site in Texas, Cueva Fell in Chile and, especially, Monte Verde, also in Chile. The claim to the oldest human archaeological site known in the Americas belongs to the Pedra Furada human remains and hearths, a site that precedes the Clovis culture and the other sites already mentioned by 19,000 to 30,000 years, but this discovery has become an issue of contention between North American archaeologists and their South American and European counterparts. In American archaeology most dates older than 10,000 years are controversial. They are under intense scrutiny and may change as new dating technologies are developed and existing ones refined






Mound Builders Symbols




The Lost Civilizations of North America – (63 mins )


The Lost Civilizations of North America explores the fascinating world of ancient North America, and why the artifacts and evidences of ancient civilizations have been lost and largely ignored. Archaeologists, historians, anthropologists and other experts explore the development of theories of cultural evolution and how these theories influenced the doctrine of Manifest Destiny and Native American policies and encouraged the “wanton destruction” of many great ancient structures and earthworks. The film also explores the continuing controversy surrounding theories and findings of these ancient peoples.


The Lost Civilizations of North America  - Documentary DVD Trailer ( 3 mins)


Why don't most Americans, including many historians, know about the highly advanced ancient civilization that existed in the 'Heartland' of North American near the time of Christ? The Lost Civilizations of North America is a powerful new documentary film that explores this question of historical importance to all Americans, but especially those of Native American descent.


North American Lost Civilizations ( 9 mins)

 - Sites in St. Louis – Mississipi Valley – Ohio..


Ancient American Artifacts ( 23 mins)

Thousands of clay, slate, copper and stone artifacts were unearthed in ancient mounds.


      Totems & Other…


Vancouver, Stanley Park Totem Poles,

British Columbia, Canada


The Gitselasu First Nations are the "People of the Canyon", one of seven villages of the Tsimshian Nation. These totems overlook the Kitselas Canyon on the Skeena River and represent the four clans in the village - Wolf, Eagle, Raven, and Killer Whale. Archeological digs show that the Gitselasu have lived on this site for at least 5,000 years.




Native North American Totems








Hawaiian Totems














Polynesian – ( Pre-Contact era)









OOPART? ( Out-of-Place-Article)


Lake Winnipesaukee Mystery Stone


The mystery stone from Lake Winnipesaukee is an alleged out-of-place artifact (OOPArt), reportedly found in 1872 while workers were digging a hole for a fence post. It is a carved stone about 4 inches (100 mm) long and 2.5 inches (64 mm) thick, dark and egg-shaped, bearing a variety of symbols. The stone's age, purpose, and origin are unknown. Seneca Ladd, a Meredith businessman who hired the workers, was given credit for the discovery. Upon Ladd's death in 1892, the stone passed to one of his daughters, who donated it to the New Hampshire Historical Society in 1927. The stone is currently on exhibit at the Museum of New Hampshire History.


CONCORD, N.H. (AP) -- In 1872, so the story goes, workers digging a hole for a fence post near Lake Winnipesaukee in Meredith found a lump of clay that seemed out of place. There was something inside - a dark, odd-looking, egg-shaped stone with a variety of carvings, including a face, teepee, ear of corn and star-like circles. And there were lots of questions: Who made the stone and why? How old was it? How was it carved?

To date, no one's been able to say for sure, and the item has come to be known as the "Mystery Stone." Seneca Ladd, a Meredith businessman who hired the workers, was credited with the discovery.







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