Models of the temples have been found,

indicating that prehistoric people could

 think and plan ahead. Other things have

been found that neither archeologists, nor

tourists, nor Erich van Däniken can explain.






Malta has the oldest free-standing megalithic buildings in the world: Temples, constructed about 6000 years ago by a culture without weapons and warfare and used well over 1200 years. These structures are of a beautiful symmetry, with walls of regular dressings, made up of huge stone slabs (nobody knows how they transported them), with unexplainable symbols and altars.


Statues - National Archaeological Museum


Megalithic Malta 1 of 11  ( 5mins)

A quick Google Earth tour of the unique and mysterious prehistoric temple sites of Malta - the oldest man-made free-standing constructions on Earth. Borg in-Nadur, Xrobb l-Ghagin, Tas-Silg, Tarxien, Kordin, Hal-Saflieni Hypogeum, Hagar Qim, Mnajdra, Ta' Hagrat, Skorba, Tal-Qadi, Bugibba, Ggantija.



Hagar Qim Neolithic Temple

Qrendi QRD 2501, Malta





Model of Hagar Qim




Hagar Qim Neolithic Temple Qrendi QRD 2501, Malta


A Unesco, world heritage site, this 5,000-year-old temple is the best-preserved of several ancient limestone temples in Malta. Ħaġar Qim is located about 2km from the village of Qrendi in southern Malta and just a short walk from the Mnajdra temples. A number of important artefacts have been unearthed from Ħaġar Qim notably a decorated pillar altar, two table-altars and some of the ‘fat lady’ statues which are now on display at the National Museum of Archaeology, Valletta. Recently, the temple has been sheltered from the elements by means of a huge tent to preserve the ancient stones from further erosion. No visit to the islands would be complete without a visit to these magnificent temples.










The Tarxien site (pronounced "tar-sheen"), discovered by a farmer in 1915 comprises three temples, one of which contains a famous statue of the lower body of a standing figure. Sometimes interpreted as a goddess statue by feminist writers (there is really no way of knowing this as the gender is indeterminate), it is one of the world's earliest known and most powerful representations of a deity.

This site, dating from 3600 to 2500 BC, is the most complex of all temple sites in Malta and consists of four megalithic structures. The temples are renowned for the detail of their carvings, which include domestic animals carved in relief, altars, and screens decorated with spiral designs and other patterns. Of particular note is a chamber set into the thickness of the wall between the South and Central temples, which is famous for its relief of two bulls and a sow.










The Hypogeum – Underground Complex


The HYPOGEUM, which is situated in Paola, a few distance away from the Tarxien Temples, was discovered surprisingly by workmen digging at about 3.5 m under the road surface. The word Hypogeum comes from the Greek word "Ipogaina", which means, "an underground construction sunk into the solid rock."


This underground temple is made up from a set of rooms and caves dug by Copper - Age people, most probably between the years 4100 B.C. and 2500 B.C. At the beginning of its existence, the Hypogeum was used as a temple or sanctuary. HOW DO WE KNOW? What evidence do we have? We know this due to its architectural resemblance to the freestanding Megalithic Temples outside. However the greatest evidence we have, are the several statuettes of the Fat Lady, their goddess of Fertility. A big statue of a "sleeping Lady" was also found in this temple.


Apparently, the underground monument has been for ages sealed up by natural agenices, and its fame sunk with it into oblivion along with its archaeological treasures.


It is also supposed to have excellent acoustic qualities



Mnajdra temple complex





Mnajdra Temple Complex

Few people are aware that it has some of the earliest and most developed Neolithic sites extant including at Gigantija on the island of Gozo the world’s oldest stone building. The list of Malta’s heritage sites is dominated by the Islands’ prehistoric megalithic temples and underground chambers. This small island of 243 square kilometers has a far greater importance in European prehistory due to this extraordinary collection of megalithic temples.


The Mnajdra temple complex is located about 500 meters to the west of Hagar Qim, closer to the edge of the promontory facing the sea. Mnajdra consists of two buildings, a main temple with two ellipsoidal chambers and a smaller temple with one chamber. Among their other possible uses, the temples of Mnajdra fulfilled astronomical observation and calendrical functions. The main entrance faces east, and during the spring and autumn equinoxes the first rays of light fall on a stone slab on the rear wall of the second chamber. During the winter and summer solstices, the first rays of the sun illuminate the corners of two stone pillars in the passageway connecting the main chambers. In the case of Mnajdra, the alignment today is good, but not quite perfect










The island of Malta appears to have been first settled during the early Neolithic period by a wave of immigrants from the island of Sicily. Several thousand years before the arrival of the Phoenicians, the Maltese Islands were the home to a remarkable culture.


These people acquired the skills, and had the strength of spiritual devotion, to mobilize men and resources to build megalithic structures and hew out living rock into burial chambers









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