& Ancient Civilizations Similarities

- Ancient Paper Making

 

 

 

Charles Berlitz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ancient Languages – Charles Berlitz

 

Berlitz was a Linguist and a writer on anomalous phenomena, he wrote a number of books on Atlantis. In his book The Mystery of Atlantis, he used evidence from geophysics, psychic studies, classical literature, tribal lore, archeology and mysteries and concluded that Atlantis was real. Berlitz also linked the mysteries of the Bermuda Triangle to the influence of Atlantis.After studying evidence, Berlitz located Atlantis undersea in the area of the Bermuda Triangle. Berlitz was also an ancient astronaut proponent who believed that extraterrestrials had visited earth.

 

He states in one of his books, that many of very different ancient cultures around the world,

that have not been in touch and separated by oceans, have many basic words with very similar roots, spelling, or pronunciation… His theory is that they all have an ancient common ancestry,

that they are most likely distant descendents of the Atlanteans …!!!!!!

 

 http://reporteroo.info/atlantis.htm

 

http://www.hyarama.org.uk/Links/Atlantis2.htm

 

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/atlantean_conspiracy/atlantean_conspiracy46.htm

 

 

Comparison Chart between Hindu

Valley and Rongorongo Symbols

 

 

 

Rongorongo Symbols

 

Here are 60 symbols from an early source

for comparing Indus and Easter Islands' script. The difference is that The Easter Islands script has double lines

 

 

 

Rongorongo – and it’s “Similarities” with ancient Indus Valley Symbols!!!

 

Is this a “First Evidence” of possible connections between two un-connected Ancient Civilizations, with a commonality via Lemuria??

 

 

Even orthodox researchers have to admit that the Easter Island script – Rongorongo – constitutes a genuine enigma. Rongorongo now survives only as markings on 25 pieces of wood scattered around the world’s museums, though other tablets might still be hidden in the island’s sacred family caves.

 

The Indus Valley script was usually written from right to left, but there are a few early cases of boustrophedon. (Some Etruscan and Hittite texts are also written in boustrophedon style, as are some Greek ones from about the 6th century BC.)

 

The seals used in the Indus Valley were made of soapstone. It is noteworthy that one Easter Island legend says:

‘The first race invented the Rongo-Rongo writing: they wrote it on stone. Of the four parts of the world that were at one time inhabited by the first race, it is only in Asia that this writing still exists.’5

Interestingly, Mohenjo Daro and Easter Island lie almost exactly 180° apart: the former is situated at 27°23'N and about 69°E and the latter at 27°08'S and 109°23'W.

 

ttp://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/arqueologia/eastern_island/easter03.htm#6. Platforms

 

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~catshaman/12Indus/02Indussym.htm

 

http://serrano.ai.uiuc.edu/LSA07/rongorongo.html

 

 

 

 

Harappan Seals

 

 

 

 

The Mysterious Script of Indus Valley

http://outspokenscience.com/will-computer-unlock-the-mystery-of-4000-year-old-indus-valley-script/

 

http://heritage-key.com/blogs/ann/computer-helps-decode-harappan-grammar

 

Indus Script

The term Indus script (also Harappan script) refers to short strings of symbols associated with the Indus Valley Civilization, in use during the Mature Harappan period, between the 26th and 20th centuries BC. In spite of many attempts at decipherments and claims, it is as yet undeciphered. The underlying language is unknown, and the lack of a bilingual makes the decipherment unlikely pending significant new finds.

http://www.crystalinks.com/indus.html

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indus_Valley_script

 

Indus Valley Civilization ( 5 mins)

Indus Valley Civilization (3500-1700 BC, aka Harappan Civilization) was mostly based in present day region of Pakistan, with its periphery or colonies stretching as far as northwest India in the east, Turkmenistan in the north, and southeast Iran/Persian Gulf in the West.

As a cradle of civilization, its contributions include the world's first: largest planned cities, drainage systems, cotton clothing, dentistry, standardized weights, possibly the writing system, and much more.

The linguistic identity of the Harappans is unknown because the Indus script is still undeciphered. There are many theories of them being Indo-Iranian, Dravidian, Semitic, Altaic, Mundic, or even an isolate.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fV46Xltkhj0

 

 

 

Great Water Goddess of

Teotihuacan,

 

Greek literature from Homer to

Plato in which the singulars (ho) theos ...

 

 

Another very remarkable “Similarity” !!!!

 

A very basic terminology comes to “light”, as both Civilizations, the Aztecs and the Ancient Greeks, have almost the EXACT same name for “GOD”.

 

THE AZTECS:

 

Teotl

 

The concept of “Teotl” is central to the Aztec religion. The term is often translated as "god", but may have held more abstract aspects of divinity or supernatural energy akin to the Polynesian concept of Mana

 

The nature of Teotl is a key element in the understanding of the fall of the Aztec empire, because it seems that the Aztec ruler Moctezuma II and the Aztecs in general referred to Cortés and the conquistadors as "Teotl"—it has been widely believed that this means that they believed them to be gods, but a better understanding of "Teotl" might suggest that they were merely seen as "mysterious" and "inexplicable".

 

Teotihuacan

 

The name Teōtīhuacān was given by the Nahuatl-speaking Aztec centuries after the fall of the city. The term has been glossed as "birthplace of the gods", reflecting Nahua creation myths that were said to occur in Teotihuacan. Teotihuacān is a Nahuatl (Aztec) name meaning "place where gods were born". [5] Nahuatl scholar Thelma D. Sullivan interprets the name as "place of those who have the road of the gods."[6] This is because the Aztecs believed that the gods created the universe at that site.

 

 ---------------

 

THE GREEKS:

 

Theo

 

Theo is a given name, deriving from the Greek word Theos which means god.

 

Theology

 

Theology (from the Greek Θεός meaning "God" and λόγος meaning "study of") is the systematic and rational study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truths

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ancient Scripts and Symbols

 

Sumerian Cuneiform

 

 

 

 

 

Our First Words: Ancient Mesopotamia

 

Symbols & Sripts - It's about skill. It's about symbol. The written word is humanity's greatest acomplishment. It's our legacy to ourselves. We can conceive and explore abstract concepts, because we have given them form.

 

These tablets come from Ancient Mesopotamia where the written word was born. The stone on the left is one of the earliest pieces of writing on Earth. It says "ten goats". - You can see how the writing changed over time, from beginning as drawings and carvings of real-world objects. A simple sketch could convey a simple statement. A certain picture represented a certain concept. The pictures morphed as they passed through generations of scribes. The meanings grew in complexity and abstraction.

 

 

 

 

Iraq – Ancient Mesopotamia

 

The earliest literature found so far comes from a Sumerian city not far from Nippur, now in the Maysan province of Iraq.

 

The Flood Tablet / The Gilgamesh Tablet excavated from the Library of Ashurbanipal, housed at the British Museum.
 

 

Sumerian Language

 

 

 

Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia is a toponym for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, largely corresponding to modern-day Iraq, northeastern Syria, southeastern Turkey and southwestern Iran.
 

An Ancient Mesopotamian Library
 
The importance of Ashurbanipal's Library can not be overstated. It was buried by invaders centuries before the famous library at Alexandria was established and gives modern historians much information about the peoples of the Ancient Near East.
 
One would find some 1,200 texts written on those tablets, including the standard Akkadian version of Gilgamesh, the Babylonian myth of creation Enuma Elish, and a nearly complete list of ancient Near-Eastern rulers. The tablets even came with accompanying citations that acted as a table of contents. Most of it is now in the possession of the British Museum or the Iraq Department of Antiquities.
 
The Library of Ashurbanipal at Nineveh is perhaps the most compelling discovery in the Ancient Near East. There have been over 30,000 clay tablets uncovered in Ashurbanipal’s library, providing archaeologists with an amazing wealth of Mesopotamian literary, religious and administrative work. The library also included hymns and prayers, medical, mathematical, ritual, divinatory and astrological texts, alongside all sorts of administrative documents, letters and contracts. Among the findings was the Enuma Elish, also known as the Epic of Creation…


http://allmesopotamia.wordpress.com/

 

 

 

 

 

 

The earliest cuneiform texts include pictographic signs that represent economic information. This clay tablet (3100 BC) describes the amount of barley needed

for a particular field: 15 units to sow

 about 16 acres

 

 

Seals and Cylinder Seals

 

 

This limestone cylinder seal (left), also a form of Mesopotamian prewriting, likely indicated administrative control over goods. When rolled on wet clay, it makes the impression on the right. – Seals were also used in establishing “Contracts”.
 
How Cuneiform “Works” – Tokens - Script - Seals

http://notsincenineveh.wordpress.com/page/2/
 

 

 

 

Luxor hieroglyphics

 

 

 

Egyptian Hieroglyphics

On the left, you see hieroglyphics etched in stone. On the right, script on paper. It's called "hieratic script", and it represents the birth of cursive writing.

 

 

 

 

 

A section of the Papyrus of Ani

showing cursive hieroglyphs.

 

 

History of Ancient
Egyptian Papyrus Scrolls

 

 

 

Hieroglyphics - Ancient Egyptian Writing

 

Egyptian hieroglyphs were a formal writing system used by the ancient Egyptians that combined logographic and alphabetic elements. Egyptians used cursive hieroglyphs for religious literature on papyrus and wood. Less formal variations of the script, called hieratic and demotic, are technically not hieroglyphs.

 

 

Phonetic Reading

 

Most non-determinative hieroglyphic signs are phonetic in nature, meaning the sign is read independent of its visual characteristics (according to the rebus principle where, for example, the picture of an eye could stand for the English words eye and I [the first person pronoun]). This picture of an eye is called a phonogram of word, 'I'.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_hieroglyphs

 

 

 

In 1799 a French captain named Pierre Bouchard discovered the Rosetta Stone which was carved with the same text in two languages, Egyptian and Greek, and three writing systems, hieroglyphic, demotic, and the Greek alphabet.

This was a tremendous piece of luck because it enabled scholars to unlock the hieroglyphic code and without the stone, we would know nothing of the ancient Egyptians, and the details of their three thousand years of history would remain a mystery.

http://www.eyelid.co.uk/hiromenu.htm

 

 

 

The Rosetta Stone – Carved in  196 BC

 

Detail of hieroglyphic and demotic

script on the Rosetta Stone

 

 

 

 

The Rosetta Stonewas written in Demotic, Hieroglyphic & Greek

 

The Rosetta Stone allowed 19th century scholars to translate symbols left by an ancient civilization and thus decipher the meaning of Egyptian hieroglyphics.

 

What is the Rosetta Stone?  The Rosetta Stone is a stone with writing on it in two languages (Egyptian and Greek), using three scripts (hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek). - The Rosetta Stone, It is stored inside the British Museum.

 

Why is it in three different scripts?  The Rosetta Stone is written in three scripts because when it was written, there were three scripts being used in Egypt.

 

·                                 The first was hieroglyphic which was the script used for important or religious documents.

·                                 The second was demotic which was the common script of Egypt.

·                                 The third was Greek which was the language of the rulers of Egypt at that time.

·                                  

The Rosetta Stone was written in all three scripts so that the priests, government officials and rulers of Egypt could read what it said. The Rosetta Stone was carved in 196 B.C. and it was found in a small village in the Delta called Rosetta (Rashid), and the stone was name after this place. The Rosetta Stone was discovered in 1799 by French soldiers who were rebuilding a fort in Egypt.

 

What does the Rosetta Stone say? The Rosetta Stone is a text written by a group of priests in Egypt to honour the Egyptian pharaoh. It lists all of the things that the pharaoh has done that are good for the priests and the people of Egypt.

 

Who deciphered hieroglyphs? Many people worked on deciphering hieroglyphs over several hundred years. However, the structure of the script was very difficult to work out. After many years of studying the Rosetta Stone and other examples of ancient Egyptian writing, Jean-François Champollion deciphered hieroglyphs in 1822 because he could read both Greek and Coptic. He was able to figure out what the seven demotic signs in Coptic were. By looking at how these signs were used in coptic he was able to work out what they stood for. Then he began tracing these demotic signs back to hieroglyphic signs. By working out what some hieroglyphs stood for, he could make educated guesses about what the other hieroglyphs stood for.

http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/writing/rosetta.html

 

 

 

Gold plates with Phoenician
and Etruscan writing

 

We are often told that the Phoenicians invented the alphabet, though some debate this. Regardless of who put pen to papyrus to create it, the Phoenician contribution was none-the-less major and critical. They were the major sea-traders of the Mediterranean, and they went everywhere.

 

Phoenician Stone Tablets

 

 

 

 

Phoenician Alphabet

 

The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BCE, was a non-pictographic consonantal alphabet, or abjad.[1] It was used for the writing of Phoenician, a Northern Semitic language, used by the civilization of Phoenicia. It is classified as an abjad because it records only consonantal sounds, with the addition of matres lectionis for some vowels.

Phoenician became one of the most widely used writing systems, spread by Phoenician merchants across the Mediterranean world, where it was assimilated by many other cultures and evolved. The Aramaic alphabet, a modified form of Phoenician, was the ancestor of modern Arabic script, while Hebrew script is a stylistic variant of the Aramaic script. The Greek alphabet (and by extension its descendants such as the Latin, the Cyrillic and the Coptic), was a direct successor of Phoenician, though certain letter values were changed to represent vowels.

As the letters were originally incised with a stylus, most of the shapes are angular and straight, although more cursive versions are increasingly attested in later times, culminating in the Neo-Punic alphabet of Roman-era North Africa. Phoenician was usually written from right to left, although there are some texts written in boustrophedon.

In 2005, UNESCO had registered the Phoenician alphabet into the Memory of the World Programme as a heritage of Lebanon.

 

When the Phoenician alphabet was first uncovered in the 19th century, its origin was unknown. Scholars at first believed that the script was a direct variation of Egyptian hieroglyphs.[3] This idea was especially popular due to the recent decipherment of hieroglyphs. However, scholars could not find any link between the two writing systems. Certain scholars

 

Spread of the alphabet and its social effects

The Phoenician adaptation of the alphabet was extremely successful, and variants were adapted around the Mediterranean from about the 9th century BC, notably giving rise to the Greek, Old Italic, Anatolian and Paleohispanic scripts. The alphabet's success was due in part to its phonetic nature; Phoenician was the first widely used script in which one sound was represented by one symbol. This simple system contrasted with the other scripts in use at the time, such as Cuneiform and Egyptian hieroglyphs, which employed many complex characters and were difficult to learn.
 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenician_alphabet


 

http://seoklee.wordpress.com/2011/03/11/creation-of-the-phonetic-alphabet-1050-b-c/

 

 

Indus Valley Script

Some experts question whether the symbols represent a language at all, or are merely pictograms that bear no relation to the language spoken by their creators.

 

 

 

 

 

Evolution of  Symbology

 

http://glorious-pancake-morning.blogspot.com/2010/09/scribbles.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Phaistos Disc - Ancient city of Phaistos in Southern Crete

 

The Phaistos Disc is an enigma, an circular clay disc covered with inscribed symbols on both sides that are unlike any signs in any writing system. It was discovered in the ancient city of Phaistos in Southern Crete in 1908. It is thought to date to around 1700 BC (from associated archaelogical context), roughly contemporary with it .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Runes

 

Runes are the letters in a set of related alphabets known as runic alphabets which were used to write various Germanic languages before the adoption of the Latin alphabet and for specialized purposes thereafter.

 

Define a rune as: “A letter or character of the earliest Teutonic alphabet, which was most extensively used (in various forms) by the Scandinavians and Anglo-Saxons. - the runic alphabet is the most modern script in Europe and more is known about its origins than other alphabets that sprung up around the ancient world.

 

 

http://ankhafnakhonsu.net/2012/02/24/the-magick-of-runes/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ancient Scripts

http://shaquillethornhill.wordpress.com/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ancient Maya Scripts

 

 

 

 

 

Ancient Paper Making

 

Papyrus Plant

 

 

 

 

Papyrus Paper

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ancient Egyptian Papyrus

  

Where did writing paper come from? How about toothpaste? Cosmetics? Ancient Egypt was a highly advanced society that developed many of the day to day conveniences that are still being used today. Learn about some of the famous inventions and innovations of this clever and industrious civilization. http://exchange.smarttech.com/details.html?id=d0fa2624-a955-4b9f-b6dd-707bdee718ae

 

History of Ancient Egyptian Papyrus Scrolls

 

Papyrus is made from thin strips of the pithy center of the Papyrus Plant. The strips are placed in an overlapping, cross-laminated structure, then pressed or beaten to bond and dry them into sheets

 

 

http://www.ehow.co.uk/info_8731512_history-ancient-egyptian-papyrus-scrolls.html

 

 

Chinese Writing Script on Rice Paper

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE FIRST PAPER

The first paper was made from mulberry bark, bamboo, hemp, linen and silk (200 BC).
 

 

Chinese Writing on  Bark - Bamboo Fiber -  Hemp  - Rice Paper ...

 

Chinese legend tells that the new invention of paper was presented to the Emperor in the year 105 AD by Cai Lun. Archeological evidence, however, shows that paper was in use two hundred years before then. Either way, the Chinese were significantly ahead of the rest of the world. The craft of papermaking relied upon an abundance of bamboo fiber to produce a fine quality paper.

 

 History of Chinese Invention - The Invention of Paper

http://www.computersmiths.com/chineseinvention/paper.htm

 

 

 

Block Printing

 

The Chinese invention of moveable type

 

 

 

 

 Block Printing - Ancient Chinese Invention

 

Printing come into use in Sui dynasty and was developed and improved by Bisheng of Song Dynasty. Bisheng used the character mode to print a Chinese Character, which is called "live character printing". One Character has a model and the mode can be used for many times until its broken. This method saved a lot of time and energy in carving the words on the wood for every character mode can be reused.

The Character mode was made by sticky earth and then dried in a firing cave. The character mode can be reused in the next printing. Thus quicken the printing speed and save a lot of time.

The technique of printing was spread to Europe by Mongolian in the later years after its appearance. The invention had a great impact in the education and culture of the whole world.

 

http://kaleidoscope.cultural-china.com/en/136Kaleidoscope4.html


The Chinese invention of moveable type, credited to Bi Sheng in the year 1045 AD, did not significantly impact Chinese society. Three hundred years later in Europe, Gutenberg's development of moveable type revolutionized the Western world. Why? The Chinese language uses 3000 to 5000 characters in an average newspaper. The English language, in comparison, uses 26 characters in an average newspaper. Clearly, manipulating 5000 characters on a printing press took much longer than moving 26. Still, the invention of moveable type furthered Chinese technology and its role in the advancement of human civilization.

 

Lemuria

 

 

Okinawa Rosetta Stone

 

 

 

LEMURIA – MU ( 10 mins)

Briefing about the lost continent of MU plus other related information. Different optical with out excluding Religion and Science. - This is a 2008 release.

- Features Japan’s Under Ocean Ruins with Steps

- Okinawa Rosetta Stone found in area

 - BOOK: “The Lost Continent of MU”, by Col. J. Churchward

 - Japanese call their ancient Emperors Mu: Jim Mu, Tim Mun, Kam Mu….. there might be a linguistic connection to Mu/Lemuria…

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DgFCq14oWGA&feature=fvw

 

 

 

 

 

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